What is the function of the tricuspid valve.


What is the fundamental unit of muscle contraction.


Which chamber of the heart is responsible for pumping oxygenated blood to the body.


What is the natural curve in the lumbar region of the spine.


Adenosine triphosphate production via "anaerobic" glycolysis is associated with the significant formation ofwhat ...


The changes in muscle size associated with long term resistance training is most likely due to increases in_____ ...


Downhill walking/jogging/running is characterized by eccentric activation of which of the following musclegroups. ...


What is the typical resting blood pressure response to long term aerobic exercise in a hypertensiveindividual. ...


How does heart rate increase in relation to work rate and oxygen uptake during dynamic exercise.


Which cardiovascular training approach, if repeated frequently, is most likely going to lead to overtraining. ...


What feature is unique to skeletal muscle as compared to cardiac muscle.


What is the correct path of blood flow through the chambers of the heart.


What respiratory muscles can cause forceful expiration.


Which of the following occurs when walking or running up an incline.


What two muscles, along with the supraspinatus and infraspinatus, make up the rotator cuff.


What muscle action will most likely induce delayed onset muscle soreness.


What occurs to a muscle during the eccentric movement phase of an exercise.


What is the primary muscle group involved in trunk flexion while standing during the eccentric phase of themoveme ...


What muscle extends the forearm.


Which of the following is also known as the Trunk Flexion Test.


What is the order of stretching techniques from lowest risk of injury to highest risk of injury.


Which of the following joints has the greatest range of motion, and involves the greatest number ofmovements. ...


BACD434CCAFA8D24B56238B9What change may occur between heart rate and blood pressure as a result of chronic exerci ...


Which of the following is a result of chronic aerobic training.


Mitral valve prolapse is a condition which primarily affects the .


What action is involved in the concentric phase of the biceps curl.


Cardiac output is a product of heart rate multiplied by ___________.


Which of the following best describes the symptoms that occur at 24 48 hours after a single bout ofintensive exe ...


Which principle of training best describes a previously active client, who has been ill and bed ridden for aprol ...


If you are palpating the thumb side of the forearm in the wrist area, what pulse are you checking.


What is the correct order of the regions of the spinal column, from superior to inferior.


Which muscle is an antagonist of the hamstrings.


Which of the following physiological changes does NOT occur when a client improves aerobic capacity.


As the intensity of dynamic exercise increases, which of the following sets of responses occurs.


From a seated position, with dumbbells to the sides, raising the dumbbells laterally to shoulder level withelbows ...


What is the major muscle used to flex the hip joint.


A subject with elbows held at 90 degrees of flexion is handed a 150 lb (68.1kg) barbell. Even though heexerts max ...


Type II muscle fibers:


Which of the following is a normal blood pressure (BP) response to aerobic exercise.


Which rotator cuff muscle abducts the arm.


Which energy system has the highest capacity for ATP production.


What plane divides the body into upper and lower sections.


When performing neck flexion in the sagittal plane, which of the following exercises best mimics thatmovement. ...


Under which of the following circumstances would you expect to see the highest rise in blood lactate.


Typical movements in the weight room such as a biceps curl using free weights and leg press actionsusing a machin ...


The latissimus dorsi acts as the prime mover during the concentric phase of which of the followingexercises.


Which of the following bones facilitate movement of the chest during both inspiration and expiration.


Which of the following is characterized as a plane (uniaxial) joint.


Which of the following indicates the reason why a female who is pregnant should avoid exercise in thesupine posit ...


As a response to a progressive resistance training program, which of the following demonstrates thepredominant co ...


What is an appropriate precaution and/or modification for exercising in higher ambient temperatures.


What is the intensity recommendation for the initial conditioning stage of a cardiovascular program.


Approximately how long is the initial conditioning phase of a cardiovascular training program.


What is the formula to determine 60% of heart rate reserve.


A 50 year old client has a resting heart rate of 70 beats per minute. Calculate the exercise heart rate forthis c ...


When should a client exhale during performance of a bench press.


What health related physical fitness component is primarily emphasized in a circuit training program thathas 30 ...


What is a result of resistance training in adolescents.


A 35 year old male client has a goal of completing a sprint distance triathlon. The certified Personal Trainerpr ...


What are the FITTE Factors.


Why is a cool down period important.


Which of the following is NOT a principle of training.


What is the first phase of an annual training cycle.


What is a function of the hamstring muscles.


What method of training combines a routine of alternating cardiovascular exercises with resistance trainingexerci ...


What resistance training method is described by a light to heavy or heavy to light progression of sets.


What resistance training method is being used when the client is performing a set of bicep curlsimmediately follo ...


Together, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the American College of Sports Medicinerecommend tha ...


What is the predominant factor causing increases in strength during the initial weeks of training.


Which of the following exercise program variables describes a change in intensity.


What happens to the muscle during isometric tension development.


Which of the following is the most important exercise to include in an overall training plan for an apparentlyhea ...


When performing a seated leg extension, which muscle group is the primary antagonist during theconcentric phase. ...


What position should women in their second or third trimester of pregnancy avoid when performingexercise.


What is the suggested order of an exercise session.


What does it mean if a specific activity is contraindicated.


Which of the following statements is true regarding exercise for the prepubescent child.


Using the Heart Rate Reserve method, what is the target heart rate for a 40 year old man with a restingheart rat ...


A 45 year old male weighs 202 lb (92 kg). Skinfold analysis indicates 24% of his weight is fat. If he wantsto dec ...


Which of the following exercises works best in isolating the soleus muscle.


When doing a push up on the floor, the motion at the elbow joint during the down phase is called________ and the ...


Which of the following muscle groups must be strengthened in order to maintain a healthy back.


Which of the following correctly describes the technique used in PNF (Proprioceptive NeuromuscularFacilitation). ...


An appropriate exercise to develop muscle endurance for the ________ is ________ .


The ACSM recommended exercise prescription for developing and maintaining muscular strength andendurance for heal ...


As the percentage of 1 RM (Repetition Maximum) resistance increases:


Which of the following describes a Valsalva maneuver performed during a free weight biceps curl.


You are working as a certified Personal Trainer, and have a client who recently confided to you that she isgettin ...


A client exercising at a level 15 on the Borg Rating of Perceived Exertion Scale is likely to describe theexercis ...


Which of the following is the correct energy expenditure in METs associated with an exercise oxygenuptake of 28 m ...


What of the following is the formula for calculating the heart rate reserve.


What is the minimum duration of an intermittent bout of aerobic activity that may be accumulatedthroughout the da ...


A client who wants to strengthen muscles of the chest must perform exercises such as the bench pressand dumbbell ...


The Valsalva maneuver may elicit which of the following physiological responses during the concentricphase of a r ...


Which of the following is the term used for a training regimen that begins with rapid eccentric muscle actionfoll ...


Which of the following indicate the appropriate height range for performing depth jump training effectivelyand sa ...


Case Study: A female client expresses an interest in joining a recreational crew team. She hires you to train her ...


With respect to the exercise prescription for children (defined as < 13 years), it can be said that _____.


An exercise prescription for your pregnant client should include _____.


Which of the following statements is correct regarding the warm up and cool down components of theexercise trai ...


Neural mechanisms responsible for adaptations in strength and power include all of the following EXCEPTan increas ...


General guidelines to follow when prescribing resistance training exercise to the client with arthritis includewh ...


Which of the following factors affect intensity of lower body plyometric drills.


Which of the following indicates the correct order for a traditional periodization program for resistancetraining ...


"I have been thinking about starting an exercise program, but there never seems to be enough time," is anexample ...


What motivational strategy is used to help an individual reframe negative statements into positivestatements. ...


What type of learner would benefit from a handout with written instructions.


BACD434CCAFA8D24B56238B9An auditory learner benefits most from which of the following.


When discussing strategies for changing physical activity habits with clients, it is usually best to:


Stimulus control as a behavioral strategy to enhance exercise adherence can best be described as:


An individual participates regularly in his workplace fitness program because he earns a discount on hishealth in ...


Which of the following terms finish the acronym SMART with respect to goal setting: Specific, Measurable,Attainab ...


Which of the following theories addresses the human need to explain why things happen in an attempt togain contro ...


Case study: After demonstrating a variety of weight training exercises to a new client, you ask if she hasany que ...


The acronym IDEA includes which of the following steps to solve a problem.


Your client is telling you about his progress during the past week. You do not quite understand what theclient is ...


What is the initial American College of Sports Medicine risk stratification of a 57 year old female client whohas ...


What risk stratification would physician supervision be recommended during exercise testing.


BACD434CCAFA8D24B56238B9What does waist to hip ratio assess.


Your new client is a 42 year old male who is a stock broker. His health history revealed the following: totalchol ...


A sedentary 48 year old male with controlled hypertension has hired you to assist him with beginning amarathon tr ...


The risk of developing a myocardial infarction increases when there is a family history of myocardialinfarction o ...


What is the standard site for the measurement of the subscapular skinfold.


What are the most commonly used modes for cardiovascular exercise testing.


Mr. Smith wishes to enroll in your exercise program. Preliminary evaluation revealed the followinginformation:Age ...


If a 50 year old male checked a "yes" response on his PAR Q, what is the next step for his certifiedPersonal Tra ...


Of the nine possible skinfold sites, which three sites are measured on a diagonal fold.


BACD434CCAFA8D24B56238B9What is the difference between absolute and relative contraindication.


What is the appropriate sequence for fitness testing.


What factors should be taken into account when determining appropriate exercise test and mode.


What is the anatomical reference for the waist circumference measurement.


Which of the following risk factors for coronary heart disease enables you to subtract one risk factor fromthe to ...


Which of the following modifiable risk factors is the most preventable cause of death in the United Statestoday. ...


What was the purpose of the original Borg Scale of Perceived Exertion.


Which of the following is the correct sequence of events when starting the process for exercise prescriptionfor a ...


Which of the following locations is most sensitive to the baroreceptor reflex , when palpating the pulse ofan exe ...


Which of the following is a limiting factor when using the body mass index (BMI) to determine obesity anddisease ...


Client pre participation screening procedures should be _____.


Which of the following screening mechanisms would best optimize safety during exercise testing and aid inthe deve ...


Which of the following structures are important to anterior/posterior postural observation and analysis.


Information about the personal habits of a client including alcohol, caffeine, and tobacco consumption istypicall ...


Which of the following points should NOT be included in an Informed Consent document regarding fitnesstesting. ...


For the comparison of body mass index (BMI) and plethysmography body composition assessmenttechniques, which of t ...


Which of the following circumference sites are used to compute a waist to hip ratio.


As described by the American College of Sports Medicine, proper technique during the push up testinvolves _____. ...


Your client is wearing a heart rate monitor while performing a 1.5 mile run to assess aerobic capacity.During the ...


What is the correct hand placement when spotting the dumbbell fly exercise.


What is the correct spotting technique for the barbell flat bench press.


What is the correct spotting technique of the seated barbell shoulder press.


Which of the following exercises is contraindicated by the American College of Sports Medicine.


What exercise should be avoided for a person suffering from shoulder impingement syndrome.


For your client who is training outside in 90°F (32°C) weather at a moderate intensity, how often shouldthey dr ...


The recommended initial treatment for an acute joint injury is the application of which of the following.


What is the correct spotting technique for the barbell lunge.


Which of the following recommendations would you make to your client who plans on playing tennis on avery hot and ...


In which of the following scenarios should an Automated External Defibrillator (AED) be used.


BACD434CCAFA8D24B56238B9Which four extrinsic risk factors may be associated with an increased risk of musculoskel ...


A client at your fitness center complains of a headache and seems disoriented. He appears ashen and hasmoist, col ...


What is a warning sign of anorexia nervosa.


What is the equivalent of 2.5 pounds (1.13 kg) of body fat in kilocalories.


Individuals participating in a non medically based supervised weight loss program should reduce theircaloric int ...


What is considered a normal Body Mass Index (BMI) range.


According to the Food Guide Pyramid, how should fats and oils be used in the diet.


An athlete in heavy endurance training should maintain a daily carbohydrate intake that is approximatelywhat perc ...


Which of the following is true about energy contents.


A client is attempting to lose 10 pounds. In order to lose 1.5 pounds per week, she will have to reduce hercalori ...


If a food product had 250 kilocalories per serving, a recommended serving size of 5 ounces, and contained10 servi ...


If your active client consumed 2100 kilocalories each day for one week and burned off 2600 kilocalorieseach day f ...


What is your best course of action when you have evidence that one of your clients has an eatingdisorder.


Vitamins classified as fat soluble are in which of the following groups.


Which of the following is a potential danger of long term consumption of a high protein diet.


When reading the label on a new "energy" bar, you notice that the bar is "sweetened with fructose". Basedon this ...


According to the current (2005) Dietary Guidelines for Americans:


Which of the following statements about dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) is correct.


What term best describes accurate record keeping, a safe exercise environment, and proper supervision.


A certified Personal Trainer fails to properly spot a client performing heavy incline dumbbell presses andthe cli ...


What is the correct order of an effective program planning model.


Which of the following is NOT true regarding a properly administered informed consent form.


Clients seeking nutritional meal planning from an ACSM certified Personal Trainer should be:


A routine pattern of adhering to and documenting compliance with fitness industry guidelines is often aneffective ...


Your client is a 59 year old sedentary female with a body mass index of 33 kg/m2. She has no history ofheart dise ...


Your client reports ankle edema. What would a certified Personal Trainer look for.


What is the role of High Density Lipoprotein in the blood.


What is the definition of arteriosclerosis.


What are three non modifiable conditions that place someone at increased risk for the development ofcoronary art ...


What effect should a bronchodilator have on your asthmatic client.


Which of the following blood lipids is influenced more by physical activity than by nutrition modification.


What are the acute affects of alcohol intake on exercise.


Which of the following practices are NOT recommended for persons with asthma who desire to participatein a strenu ...


What is the leading cause of non cardiovascular death in young athletes.


A client who reports a decreased Rating of Perceived Exertion at a given treadmill running speed aftertaking albu ...


What is the exercise response to acute cigarette smoking.


Which environmental trigger is NOT associated with exercise induced asthma.


What is the recommendation for daily physical activity for youth.


During the concentric phase of a chin up (with the forearms in a supinated grip) the glenohumeral joint ismoving ...


When developing an exercise prescription for a client visiting a high altitude environment (over 1500 m),the pers ...


What is the action of the trapezius muscle in the lifting phase of a standing dumbbell lateral raise.


Which recommendation is most appropriate for the hypertensive individual training to improve cardiorespiratory en ...


When working with clients who have complications from type 2 diabetes mellitus, hypoglycemia duringexercise becom ...


Henry would like to focus on improving strength in his chest muscles. Which exercise reflects thespecificity prin ...


What is the recommended intensity range of aerobic exercise for a low risk adult who currently meetsminimal physi ...


When working with a client who has COPD (stable and medically cleared for exercise) and likes swimming,you should ...


Dumbbells, barbells, kettle bells, and medicine balls are generally considered what type of equipment.


Doris is an 80 year old client who is beginning an exercise program. What is recommended whenproviding initial s ...


You determine that a client is over striding when they run. What would be the effect on their runningperformance ...


One difference between over reaching and overtraining is that ______.


Overtraining symptoms may include ______.


Proper spotting technique for the forward step lunge when using a barbell involves positioning yourself______.


What action is produced by the quadriceps femora muscles during the concentric phase of the back squatexercise. ...


Which muscles are used to flex the knee joint.


Which is most associated with proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation.


Muscular balance in a resistance training session may be achieved by alternating ______.


Which statement is not an American College of Sports Medicine guideline for aerobic exercise and theolder adult. ...


What is the ACSM recommendation for an effective strength training program for a menopausal client.


Which body fat distribution pattern is most commonly associated with an increased risk of metabolicdisease.


What is a potential side effect of taking diet pills prior to an exercise session.


BACD434CCAFA8D24B56238B9Your client reports that she drank a 20 oz. (590 mL) cup of coffee 20 minutes prior to he ...


What is bradycardia.


What is tachycardia.


A 57 year old sedentary female client who has a blood pressure of 150/70 mm Hg and a total serumcholesterol of 24 ...


During your initial assessment of your client, you notice her resting heart rate is 45 beats per minute, whileasy ...


What is the order of "normal" electrical conduction of the heart.


Which structure is responsible for maintaining atrio ventricular valve closure in the heart.


The ______ is the muscle responsible for inspiration during quiet breathing.


What acute cardiovascular responses accompany the transition from sitting to walking.


When considering the acute responses of arm versus leg exercise, which is true.


Cardiovascular adaptations to chronic endurance training include a(n)________ at a given fixedsubmaximal exercise ...


Which peripheral adaptation is in part responsible for improvements in oxygen consumption that resultfrom regular ...


Following a 12 week aerobic conditioning program, an individual running at a submaximal workload wouldbe expected ...


What is most likely the cause of light headedness and dizziness experienced by an older adult who movesfrom a ly ...


Decreased muscle masses as a result of the aging process plays a role in ______ and ______.


A 50 year old woman who quit smoking 5 months ago with a BP of 120/90 mmHg, a BMI of 29 kg/m2, aLDL of 135 mg/d ...


You have a new male client who is 68” (1.73m) tall, 36 years old, weighs 194 lbs (88 kg) and is cleared byhis p ...


Older adults may have difficulty performing activities of daily living due to ______.


According to ACSM guidelines, the _____ is categorized under moderate risk for cardiovascular disease.


When proctoring the AHA/ACSM Health/Fitness Facility Preparticipation Screening Questionnaire to a newclient, you ...


A process that entails conveying complete understanding to a client or patient about his or her options tochoose ...


The Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire (PAR Q) includes questions regarding ______.


According to ACSM guidelines, a _____ client who is beginning a/n _____ is recommended to obtain amedical examina ...


One purpose of the pre participation health screening is to ______.


Your client has discovered she is pregnant through a home pregnancy test. She wants to continue toexercise during ...


Immediately following a chest and shoulder workout a 55 year old male executive complains of a “dullache” i ...


What heart rate changes are observed as a result of chronic aerobic training.


What muscle extends the elbow.


The stroke volume of a client who has a cardiac output of 5 liters per minute and a heart rate of 70 beatsper min ...


What tends to cause the symptoms of soreness that occur at 24 48 hours after a single bout of intensiveexercise. ...


If you are palpating the anterior surface of the lateral side of the distal forearm, what pulse are youchecking. ...


What muscle is the prime mover for a seated lateral dumbbell raise to shoulder level with elbows slightlyflexed. ...


In comparison to type I muscle fibers, type II fibers ______.


In what plane does the lower leg move during the seated knee extension.


What is defined as the ability to move a joint through its normal range of motion.


Which occurs when running up an incline.


Which is a limiting factor when using the body mass index (BMI) to determine obesity and disease risk.


Which is not true regarding a properly administered informed consent.


What behavioral strategy are you employing when you plan an outdoor exercise program for your clientduring his up ...


One of your corporate wellness clients is normally consistent in attending appointments. Lately, he hasbeen missi ...


Where does ambivalence fall in the “Stages of Change” behavior model.


A dietary protein is considered "complete" when it ______.


Individuals who have recently had a hip fracture or hip replacement surgery are usually instructed to avoidwhich ...


You are demonstrating how to stretch to your client. Which statement about technique is correct.


General guidelines for increasing flexibility of the hamstring muscles include ______.


Which person would most likely experience intrinsic reinforcement.


Which has been substantiated in the scientific literature as a supplement that may be helpful fordecreasing the d ...


Claims relating to personal trainers violating their scope of practice occur most frequently in which area.


Which business model can be described as a formal business entity subject to laws, regulations, and thedemands of ...


Which component should be the primary focus of the mission statement for a personal training business.


BACD434CCAFA8D24B56238B9A Certified Personal Trainer is overheard discussing body composition information about a ...


You learn that your client does not enjoy exercising and only maintains their exercise program to pleasetheir sig ...


What behavior change technique includes expressing empathy, developing discrepancy, rolling withresistance, and s ...


The release of cortisol that results from repeated stressful events can lead to an increase in theaccumulation of ...


What strategy is least likely to increase adherance in a new client.


This law grants immunity to those persons who in good faith try to protect, serve and tend to others whoare injur ...


A fitness professional who shares identifiable health information about a client with someone who isoutside of th ...


Failure to conduct thorough pre participation screenings with members puts the personal trainer atincreased risk ...


Procuring general liability insurance and ______ provides legal protection for a personal trainer who hasbeen acc ...


Which would not be found on a quarterly profit and loss statement.


One example of a high cost/high impact marketing technique is ______.


According to the self determination theory, a personal trainer would be most effective in helping a newclient en ...


When attempting to elicit “change talk” during Motivational Interviewing, the personal trainer should ______o ...


What is the smallest contractile unit of a muscle cell.


Adenosine triphosphate production via glycolysis during maximal effort exercise of 10 30 seconds resultsin the f ...


Downhill running is characterized by eccentric activation of the ______.


During the eccentric phase, what is the primary muscle group involved in standing trunk flexion.


What does the sit and reach test assess.


Which joint has the greatest range of motion and involves the greatest number of movements.


What cardiovascular adaptations occur as a result of chronic aerobic exercise in a previously sedentaryindividual ...


Which may decrease as a result of chronic aerobic training.


Which concept best describes the effects of prolonged bed rest.


Which muscle is a major agonist for hip abduction.


As the intensity of dynamic exercise increases, which acute responses occurs.


What physical fitness component is primarily emphasized when incorporating explosive Olympic style liftsinto a r ...


A 35 year old male client has a goal of completing a sprint distance triathlon. The Certified PersonalTrainer pre ...


What are the FITT Factors.


What is the training phase that is designed to establish an initial base of conditioning to increase tolerancefor ...


What is an action of the hamstring muscles.


What method of resistance training has the greatest potential for improving cardiorespiratory endurance.


Current U.S. Physical Activity Guidelines recommend that every U.S. adult should accumulate a minimumof _____ min ...


What is the predominant factor causing an increase in strength during the initial weeks of training.


Which is the most important exercise to include in an overall training plan for an apparently healthy automobile ...


Which statement is true regarding exercise for the prepubescent child.


Which exercise works best in isolating the soleus muscle.


An appropriate exercise movement to develop the ________ is a ________ .


Which describes a Valsalva maneuver performed during a free weight biceps curl.


You have a client who recently confided to you that she is getting divorced. She admits to you that herexercise r ...


What is the minimum duration of an moderate intensity intermittent bout of aerobic activity to promote andmaintai ...


What motivational strategy is used to help an individual change negative statements into positivestatements.


What type of learner would benefit from a written handout.


What risk stratification category would require physician supervision during exercise testing.


What are the minimal body fat percentages that place individuals at increased risk of disease.


Mr. Garcia wishes to enroll in your exercise program. Preliminary evaluation revealed the followinginformation:Ag ...


What is the purpose of the Borg Scale of Perceived Exertion.


What is the recommended range of essential body fat necessary for normal physiological function.


What is the correct hand placement when spotting the supine dumbbell fly.


A client at your fitness center who has just completed a vigorous bout of exercise complains of fatigue,lighthead ...


Joe consumed half of the adult Recommended Dietary Allowance for carbohydrates as noted on thenutrition facts pan ...


Which is true about energy content of the macronutrients.


In order to lose 1.5 pounds per week with diet alone, one would have to reduce his/her daily caloric intakeper da ...


Which vitamins are classified as fat soluble.


Your client reports ankle swelling. What is another term for this.


Atherosclerosis is primarily characterized by ______.


Which blood lipid is influenced more by physical activity than by nutrition modification.


Compared to adults, children are at a higher risk of ______ when exercising in a hot/humid environment.


What changes occur during exercise following cigarette smoking.